Last edited by Malalrajas
Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

4 edition of Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century found in the catalog.

Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century

K. David Patterson

Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century

by K. David Patterson

  • 138 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by Crossroads Press in Los Angeles, CA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Africa, West,
  • Sudan,
  • Africa, Western.,
  • Sudan.
    • Subjects:
    • Meningitis, Cerebrospinal -- Africa, West -- History -- 20th century.,
    • Meningitis, Cerebrospinal -- Sudan -- History -- 20th century.,
    • Meningitis, Meningococcal -- occurrence -- Africa, Western.,
    • Meningitis, Meningococcal -- occurrence -- Sudan.,
    • History of Medicine, 20th Cent. -- Africa, Western.,
    • History of Medicine, 20th Cent. -- Sudan.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementK. David Patterson, Gerald W. Hartwig.
      ContributionsHartwig, Gerald W.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRC124 .P38 1984
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxi, 76 p. :
      Number of Pages76
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2855155M
      ISBN 10091845655X
      LC Control Number84017631
      OCLC/WorldCa11468851

        In one of West Africa's worst outbreaks of infectious disease in recent memory, bacterial meningitis has infected more than , people in the last three months, killing more t   Cerebrospinal Meningitis: deaths in 16 states 2 Apr News More than 2, people have so far been affected by the Cerebrospinal meningitis outbreak, with deaths recorded in .

        During the second half of the twentieth century, CSMa was considered a public health problem on the African continent and more specifically in the meningitis belt mentioned earlier. To fight against the disease and to overcome its resistance to sulfa-drugs, the WHO launched a research programme aimed at developing a vaccine. Find out information about epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. or, acute inflammation of the meninges meninges, three membranous layers of connective tissue that envelop the brain and spinal cord. Development of an inexpensive meningococcal vaccine for the strain most common in Africa's meningitis belt, which stretches from Senegal and.

        On Febru , the Ministry of Health in Zamfara State, in northwestern Nigeria, notified the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) of an increased number of suspected cerebrospinal meningitis (meningitis) cases reported from four local government areas (LGAs).Cited by:   Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis Surveillance African Region, Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the world's greatest disease burdens of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis infections. In , Hib and S. pneumoniae infections accounted for approximately , deaths in the region (1); during the past 10 years, N. .


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Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century by K. David Patterson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century. [K David Patterson; Gerald W Hartwig].

Author(s): Patterson,K David(Karl David),; Hartwig,Gerald W Title(s): Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century/ K. David Patterson, Gerald W. Hartwig.

Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Los Angeles, Calif.: Crossroads Press, c moaning the severe abridgement of press freedom in South Africa, which they have just chronicled so well. JOHN J. GROTPETER St. Louis College of Pharmacy CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS IN WEST AFRICA AND SUDAN IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY.

By K. David Patterson and Gerald W. Hartwig. Los Angeles: Crossroads Press, Pp. xi, $ paper. Author of Pandemic InfluenzaInfectious Diseases In Twentieth Century Africa, and Cerebrospinal Meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the Twentieth Century4/5(3).

This review covers the history of meningococcal meningitis in Africa since epidemics of the infection were first described around years ago. It is possible that an epidemic strain of the meningococcus was introduced into West Africa from the Sudan by pilgrims returning from the Haj around the turn of the by:   The cerebrospinal meningitis epidemic in Nigeria exemplified a medical situation that was linked with political concerns at the local, national, and international levels.

It is argued that these political aspects must be understood, as they have implications for the treatment of future by: 6. The first report of a meningitis epidemic in Africa occurred in African epidemics thereafter became much more common in the 20th century in the African meningitis belt.

In Ghana, CSM cases have been recorded in all the regions, with Northern region recording the highest by: Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) was known to exist as far back as man could remember but the first knowledge about this disease is due to Vieusseux who in described an outbreak of CSM in Geneva.

Since then this disease has shown a gradual increase both in its geographical range and in the number of persons it has by: 1. His continuing collaborative efforts at that time with Hartwig included comparisons of the historical disease ecology of both schistosomiasis and cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and the Sudan: their data bases started mostly in the 's and 's (Hartwig and Patterson, ; Patterson and Hartwig, ).

By the early 's, my Author: Gerald F. Pyle. Lapeyssonnie first described the African meningitis belt in based on cerebrospinal meningitis cases reported over Little is known regarding the strains that caused the disease in the first part of the twentieth century in Africa.

ChiapelloAssessments for the impact of mineral dust on the meningitis incidence in West by: A diagnosis of serogroup A meningococcal meningitis was made by culture or latex test in 59 of samples from people in regions where vaccination had not been done previously with PsA–TT.

Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century, Crossroads Press, California, LA, USA () Google Scholar. Ledentu Cited by: This review covers the history of meningococcal meningitis in Africa since epidemics of the infection were first described around years ago.

It is possible that an epidemic strain of the meningococcus was introduced into West Africa from the Sudan by pilgrims returning from the Haj around the turn of the by: The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical by: Cerebrospinal meningitis is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in both children and adults.

In Ghana, cases of meningitis outbreaks are mostly reported in the northern part of the country and has been attributed to the low humidity in that by: Thus in eastern Africa and to a lesser extent in West Africa, between andwhen the European powers were developing and consolidating their political control over the area, epidemics of smallpox, sleeping sickness, relapsing fever and cerebrospinal meningitis had a disastrous impact upon African populations [].Cited by:   Over a year period cerebrospinal meningitis, in sporadic as well as epidemic situations, mainly affected the Beninese territory from November to March, April or sometimes May.

On the average, the acme occured in February–March. A regression analysis confirmed that 14 to % of the temporal variability of the disease was due to the northern trade wind (harmattan) and a low Cited by: Defining an area at risk of epidemic meningitis in Africa Article in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 96(3) May with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

In addition to those already in the Meningitis Belt, countries affected included Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, the Central African Republic and Eritrea. Elsewhere epidemics were reported from a band of countries around the Rift Valley and Great Lakes regions extending as far south as Mozambique and from here west to Angola and Cited by: The introduction in the late 20th century of Haemophilus vaccines led to a marked fall in cases of meningitis associated with this pathogen, and inevidence emerged that treatment with steroids could improve the prognosis of bacterial meningitis.

World Meningitis Day is observed on 24 April each year. ReferencesComplications: Deafness, epilepsy. Cerebrospinal meningitis in West Africa and Sudan in the twentieth century. Crossroads Press, California, LA, USA View in ArticleCited by:.

Cerebrospinal meningitis definition is - inflammation of the meninges of both brain and spinal cord; specifically: an infectious often epidemic and fatal meningitis caused by the meningococcus.Environmental Risk and Meningitis Epidemics in increased by less than 10C in the second half of the 20th century.

The surface temperature is expected to rise between C at the.While population densities in Africa have increased greatly during the last years and substantial land-use change (particularly in West Africa) is known to have occurred, the model was still able to identify the meningitis belt and areas previously described at risk beyond the Sahel (2–5,16); reports of epidemics occurring since have Cited by: